Spain is one of the richest cultural countries in the world for the high level of importance of its historic and artistic patrimony. This statement is not only based on the patriotic feeling but also in relatively objective sources. After Italy and China, Spain is the state that holds the higher number of entries in the list of the UNESCO's Patrimony of Humanity, totalling 48.
The rich and complex history of Spaniard territories has left the country a luxurious monumental legacy, defined by all the civilisations that have lived together or have passed by throughout the centuries.
Most of these architectonic milestones focus on cities that are -or, at some point in history, have been- important economic, industrial and administrative capitals, but it also keeps its treasures in the rural side.
Once again, the conservation state of these buildings is somewhat heterogeneous and, in some cases, the will to keep them as if nothing had happened is more than doubtful. But, as Antonio Perla -Professor of Art History in UNED- points out: "There are delightful places that resulted from quite recent performances in which there have not been an attempt of supplantation, but rather it has been intervened conceptually in a very correct manner, with completely identifiable lines, using modern materials along with remnants from the past, retrieving its spaces."
An example would be the town Santa Maria de Mave, in Palencia, "a perfectly strategic point in which the roman-Palentian air surrounds it." Along with it, here you have some of the towns that have been highlighted by a jury of experts, formed by architects, professors and critics.